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朗阁雅思分享独立写作套路,套路提前知

  • 来源:朗阁教育
  • 2018/8/8 10:18:16
  • 编辑:朗阁小编

托福独立写作没有思路?不要担心,北京朗阁雅思为你分享拓展思路,掌握主体段扩写方法,干货方法与实例分析,千万不要错过啦!

托福独立写作没思路?北京朗阁雅思觉得你可能需要这些套路与干货,今天为大家分享的是提供几种段落development的方法,同时将其应用于真题中。快来一起学习一下吧!

评分要求:在5分的评分中有以下几个要求:通过使用清晰地合适的解释、例子及细节来达到条理清晰,论证充分的目的;同时段落中要保证统一性、渐进性及连贯性,即例子和细节都是来支持该段落的主题句,很多学生欠缺例子支持主题句,同时句子之间的关系不紧密。因此,以下内容是以实例为主,来介绍主体段的扩写方法。

 

扩写方法举例:

It is more important to keep old friends than to make new friends.

In my eyes, on the one hand, keeping old friends will bring us many benefits in our daily lives. In the first place, being old friends means that both sides know each other deeply. Specifically, they are aware of the other party’s lengths and shortages, which means that they will forgive old friends’ errors and appreciate their improvement during their communication. For instance, Helen and I, having been friends for twelve years, know each other well and I know she is quick in speech and straight forward in thought. One day, I, breaking her up through my own carelessness, was criticized fiercely by her in front of the whole class. Since I understand her temper, instead of getting angry and quarrelling with her, I apologized to her and finally she knew her boldness and we were reconciled. In the second place, old friends mean both parties get along with each other for a long time and they have a better understanding of the other side. When one is in a dilemma, old friends can always give proper advice and get out of trouble. A new friend cannot give such good suggestion due to strangeness.

 

在该段落中,由on the one hand可知,文章采用的对比结构,可能是段落内部对比,也可能是段落间的对比,因该段落没有on the other hand,所以是段间对比。由many benefits 可知,该段落后面至少提到两个benefits, 即know each other deeply and get along with each other for a long time.....( 红色部分).对于第一个点的benefit,文中采用了语法标志词,specifically, 来对此进行同义改写,换句话说,对主题句的扩写的第一种方法可以用同义句改写,但是需要注意同义句在范围上比主题句小, 即同义句是可以量化的,这样才能体现progression, coherence的标准。接下来,用例证法(for instance)来对扩写的句子展开(蓝色部分),该部分主要是从语义上来支持第一个benefit, 同时采用了因果论证。就第二个benefits而言,文中采用when引导的时间状语来举例,同时采用了因果论证和对比论证的方式。整个段落来说,详略得当,使人产生一种主次分明的美感。因此,可以总结以下的文章结构:

On the one hand, doing sth will bring us many/numerous benefits in our daily life. In the first place, doing sth means that...........Specifically, ................., which means that........For example,......

In the second place, 题目关键词means that......When.........

 

在此结构中,扩写的方法是同义句+例证法+因果法+对比法,在此过程中可以采用语义场的方式找到可以继续扩写的同义句。

以上的扩写方法你是否get了呢?还有更多的扩学干货内容小编下次在为你分享啦!想要了解更多内容,欢迎继续关注北京朗阁雅思的后续分享哦!

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